Marker Classification & Animations ZDSPB.com > Tech index > Marker classification & animations

Welcome to the new marker animations listing! I've attempted to organize markers into an easy classification method for years, but was never able to make a universal chart. There's so many overlapping designs floating around that it's virtually impossible to create a single categorization system and make everything perfect. To solve this problem, I've now created the giant listing below. An animation or diagram of each system is provided for visual purposes, then markers are described by the these varibales:
1. How the bolt is controlled (balanced 4way, unbalanced, mechanical pump)
2. How the bolt is reset after firing (balanced 4way, blowback, spring return)
3. Type of firing valve (spool valve bolt, or a force-controlled poppet [FCP] that happens before or after bolt movement)
4. Type of air inlet restriction, if applicable (spool valve inlet, force-controlled poppet [FCP], or air constriction)
5. Sequence of firing movements, if applicable.

Terminology:
Hammer/valve: Markers of this type use percussive force of their movement to open a spring-loaded firing valve.
Spool valve: These markers have their firing valve and bolt combined into one physical component. Sometimes the air inlet valve is also combined into the same component to create one single internal moving component, but sometimes the air inlet is controlled using a separate component (described as an FCP poppet on this page).
FCP valve: acronym for Force-Controlled Poppet; this small valve is actuated by means of air pressure or other force applied to/from it. Generally the FCP poppet action occurs before or after the bolt movement, so it's described as sequential with a description of the order.
Blowforward: An unbalanced bolt that is blown forward to fire by expanding air pressure behind it. All blowforwards ultimately release their pressure by way of spool valve action.
Air sear: this common bolt actuation method describes a bolt that is held open by air pressure while idle, which is then vented to allow forward movement and firing. This is the pneumatic equivalent to a marker using a spring-loaded bolt which is held open using a mechanical sear. Most markers possessing an air sear are spool valve designs.
Heldforward: a marker that has its bolt in the forward position while idle (thus firing in a closed-bolt manner). This could be controlled pneumatically with a dump valve or solenoid, or mechanically as with a pump marker.
FASOR: acronym for Forward-Air [then] Spring Operated Return; generally open bolt markers that use a single output valve to fire (commonly called a 3-way valve), and a spring to recock.
Slave valve: a special FCP poppet controlled alongside yet independant of the firing action. In other words, the solenoid's air output is delivered to two separate parts of the firing assembly (FCP and bolt) which actuates the components independantly from one-another.
Inlet constriction: air inlet to the marker's dump chamber isn't completely sealed during firing, rather it's merely constricted down to restrict airflow. This is contrasted to an FCP shutoff valve, which completely seals off inlet during firing. There are reasons behind either design type.
Bladder reservoir: valves of this type have an internal dump chamber that changes in volume, unlike all other markers which operate with a fixed volume. These dump chambers enlarge when filled with air pressure, then constrict down to smaller volume when firing.
An asterisk (*) denotes a characteristic that defies classification. In this situation I chose the closest description that satisfied the operation and made the marker fit in the chart alongside similar designs. For instance, many markers are listed as balanced when they actually have a slight bias to them, but the similarities to other markers leave them classified together. There are many other instances of bizarre designs that defy organization.
concept: designs with this tag are usually theoretical markers that were never produced, or were only prototyped in small numbers and never made it into production. I will list ANY animation or diagram so long as it can theoretically function.

Submissions: If you have any additional animations for a marker not listed here, point them out to me and I will gladly host them!

Pop-up problems? The animation has to FULLY LOAD before the pop-up window will appear. Some animations are large in size (2-3 MB) so they might take a few seconds to load. If you get tired of waiting, open the link in a new tab instead.

Marker: Firing assembly: Animation: Bolt actuation movement: Firing valve: Air inlet shutoff: Sequential firing action:
Kingman Spyder Animation Unbalanced against sear blowback bolt return Hammer spring-firing valve inlet constriction
PMI Piranha
VM68 Animation
F4 Illustrator Animation
Dragun
BE Stingray Animation
Tippmann Prolite/Carbine/98 Animation
Tippmann A-5/X7/X7/Salvo/AlphaBlack/Gryphon Animation
Sheridan Animation Mechanical pump (heldforward) Hammer spring-firing valve inlet constriction
WGP Sniper
PGP Animation
Nelson Nel-Spot Animation
Sterling Animation
Splatmaster Animation
Phantom Animation
Traccer
WDP/APS Angel Animation Balanced bolt/piston air actuation forward/rearward Hammer air electropneumatic valve inlet constriction
Bob Long Intimidator Animation
Bob Long G6R Cutaway
Eclipse Ego/CSL/LV1 Animation
Eclipse Etek
SP Impulse Animation
SP 09 Impulse / JT Impulse Diagram
Bob Long Marq/Onyx/Victory Animation
Bob Long VCOM poppet ?
AKALMP Viking Cutaway
Vanguard Creed ARV Diagram
SP Nerve Animation fast
Animation slow
MacDev Cyborg Diagram
Evil Pimp
ICD Promaster Animation
AM Daidem
System-X NME
ICD Bushmaster
Tribal Twister/Mephisto/BBT
Air Challenger "265" concept
TAS Cobalt/Ruby concept ?
Axon concept Animation fast
Animation slow
DP Fusion Animation fast Unbalanced air actuation forward - FASOR FASOR spring return Hammer FASOR valve inlet constriction
Animation slow
ICD BK0
Diablo Wrath
Infinity Legend Animation
WGP Autococker / AP Sovereign Animation Balanced isolated bolt actuation (heldforward) Hammer spring-firing valve inlet constriction
WGP E-Blade Autococker
Evil Omen Animation Unbalanced heldforward Spring bolt return inlet constriction Firing hammer controls bolt
ATS-AT Animation Unbalanced heldforward Spring bolt return inlet constriction Sequential - bolt controls firing valve
BE Rainmaker Animation Balanced bolt/piston actuation forward/rearward inlet constriction Sequential - bolt controls firing valve
Tippmann SMG60/SMG68 Animation n/a inlet constriction
AKALMP Excalibur Animation fast Balanced isolated bolt actuation (heldforward) Hammer air electropneumatic valve inlet constriction Dual-independant solenoids (firing first, then recocking)
Animation slow
Sandridge Firestorm Autococker Animation Balanced isolated bolt actuation (heldforward) Hammer FASOR valve Sequential FCP Dual-independant solenoids (firing first, then recocking)
Osiris Autococker
Smart Parts Shocker SFT/NXT HE/NDZv3/EvolveULP bolt Animation fast balanced bolt actuation forward-rearward spool valve bolt - balanced spool valve bolt
Animation slow
Evolve v1/v2 bolt Animation fast
Animation slow
DLX Luxe original Animation
Luxe 2.0 bolt Animation
FEP Quest Animation
Empire Vanquish Diagram
Renegade ZR1 Diagram
Machine Vapor Diagram
Air Challenger "264" concept Animation fast
Animation slow
Exalt Diagram
"Omega-II" concept Animation fast
Animation slow
Smart Parts Shocker SFT/NXT stock non-HE bolt Animation fast inlet constriction
Animation slow
Marmalade bolt concept Diagram Bladder reservoir*
Freeflow bolt Diagram Bladder reservoir*
Maelstrom-Ma concept Animation fast inlet constriction
Animation slow
MacDev Droid Animation Sequential FCP Bolt controls poppet
TAS Zealot concept Animation fast Slave FCP valve Solenoid controls both inlet and bolt
Animation slow
Gen-E DM3 / Dye Matrix Animation fast spool valve bolt
Animation slow
Dye DM/Proto Fuse bolt Animation fast
Animation slow
Dye Matrix - slambolt Animation unbalanced blowforward Air sear bolt return* spool valve bolt - blowforward Sequential FCP with bladder reservoir Bolt controls poppet
Dangerous Power Threshold Animation unbalanced blowforward Air sear bolt return spool valve bolt - blowforward inlet constriction
Dangerous Power G3/G4/G5/iq stock bolts Animation
TechT bolt Animation
Eclipse Geo original Animation link
SP Ion/XE/EOS/Epiphany /Vibe/SP8/SP1 stock bolts Animation
Animation
Nano/TechtL7 bolt Animation
Animation link
QEV/no QEV Animation
NanoExtreme bolt Animation Sequential FCP Bolt controls poppet
ICD Freestyle FS8 Animation
ICD Freestyle Animation inlet constriction
Regency Crome2 Animation
Vanguard Demon Diagram
Hostile Creations Rogue Animation link
D3FY D3S ?
Proto SLG Diagram
Proto Rail Animation fast unbalanced blowforward Air sear bolt return spool valve bolt - blowforward spool valve bolt
Animation slow
Dye DAM
SP Ion & Ion clone dual tail o-ring bolt Animation link
SP Ion & Ion clone SP spring valve concept Diagram unbalanced blowforward Air sear bolt return spool valve bolt - blowforward Sequential FCP Bolt controls inlet valve
Eclipse Geo+ Animation link unbalanced blowforward Air sear bolt return spool valve bolt - blowforward Slave FCP valve Solenoid controls both inlet and bolt
Eclipse Geo2/Geo3 Animation link Bladder reservoir
Dye NT Animation unbalanced blowforward Air sear bolt return spool valve bolt - blowforward* spool valve bolt Firing valve controls bolt
Pixie concept Animation fast unbalanced blowforward Air sear bolt return spool valve bolt - blowforward spool valve bolt Firing valve controls bolt
Animation slow
Shadowmachine concept Animation fast unbalanced actuation forward (FASOR) Air spring bolt return (FASOR) spool valve bolt - FASOR* spool valve bolt
Animation slow
Bob Long Insight NG Animation link Unbalanced blowforward* Air sear bolt return spool valve bolt spool valve bolt
AGD Automag /Minimag/Exmag E/X Mag with RT valve Animation fast Unbalanced blowforward Spring bolt return spool valve bolt - blowforward Sequential FCP Mechanically-linked bolt & inlet
Animation slow
Pneumag modification Animation fast
Animation slow
Level-10 bolt Animation
Tiberius Tac8 Diagram
ICD Desert Fox Diagram link
Husher Impulse concept Animation 99% balanced bolt actuation forward-rearward spool valve bolt - balanced spool valve bolt
Deadlywind Aedes (mQ) Animation fast Unbalanced blowforward Spring bolt return spool valve bolt - blowforward inlet constriction Firing poppet controls bolt
Animation slow
mQ-equipped electronic Autococker (E-Blade etc) Animation Balanced isolated bolt actuation (heldforward) Sequential FCP (closed bolt) inlet constriction Dual-independant solenoids (firing first, then recocking)
SP Shocker Sport Animation fast Balanced isolated bolt actuation (heldforward) Sequential FCP (closed bolt) Sequential FCP Firing valve controls inlet valve; dual-independent solenoids (firing first, then recocking)
Animation slow
PneuVentures Shocker Diagram Unbalanced actuation forward Air spring bolt return
J4 Torque Animation Unbalanced actuation forward Air sear bolt return* spool valve bolt - FCP* spool valve bolt* Spool valve bolt with spring inlet valve; air sear is the dump chamber
AirStar Nova/SuperNova (articulating barrel) Animation link Unbalanced heldforward Spring bolt return Sequential FCP (closed bolt) Sequential FCP Firing poppet controls bolt
Warmachine Assault-80 articulating barrel
PGi Mayhem/FROG Diagram
Mayhem pistol concept Diagram
ICE Epic Animation Unbalanced heldforward* Spring trapdoor return Sequential FCP (closed bolt) Sequential FCP Mechanically-linked firing valve & inlet
Legion Shocker concept Animation fast Unbalanced heldforward Air spring bolt return Sequential FCP (closed bolt) Sequential FCP Firing poppet controls bolt
Animation slow
SP Ion & Ion clone y0da900 closed bolt mod Animation link
Thorpydo Plunger concept Animation
Gnucleus concept Animation fast
Animation slow
Icebreaker T-shirt launcher concept Animation Single action (muzzle load)
Thumper-A concept Animation fast Unbalanced heldforward Air spring bolt return Sequential FCP (closed bolt) spool valve bolt Firing poppet controls bolt
Animation slow
Thumper-B concept Animation fast
Animation slow
Warmachine Assault-80 stationary barrel Animation fast Unbalanced blowforward Spring bolt return Blowforward & Sequential FCP Sequential FCP Poppet controls bolt forward, then bolt controls poppet backward
Animation slow
Eclipse Etha Animation Unbalanced blowforward Spring bolt return spool valve bolt - blowforward Sequential FCP Inlet valve controls bolt
Tippmann X7 Phenom (Flexvalve) Cutaway
Culex concept Animation fast Air spring bolt return
Animation slow
Lurker Paragon Animation fast Balanced bolt actuation forward-rearward* spool valve bolt - blowforward inlet constriction Firing poppet controls bolt; solenoid fed using dump chamber air supply
Animation slow
Invert-Empire Mini/Axe Animation fast Unbalanced actuation forward Spring bolt return Sequential FCP inlet constriction Bolt controls firing poppet
Animation slow
TM7/TM15/Empire DFender Cutaway
XXXI King Cobra Animation
SP mqev "spoppet" concept Animation fast Balanced bolt actuation forward-rearward Sequential FCP spool valve bolt Bolt controls firing poppet
Animation slow
Tippmann C3 Animation Mechanical pump (heldforward) Propane combustion valve Sequential FCP* Inlet valve is momentarilly-actuated by pump handle
Airbow gun Mechanical single action Air compression valve inlet constriction*
DRV Diagram Hammer spring-firing valve inlet constriction
E-volt concept Animation Unbalanced heldforward Spring bolt return Hammer spring-firing valve* inlet constriction* Firing pressure is created by a compression chamber during each shot

Other Equipment:

Item: Animation: Comments:
Tippmann Cyclone loader Animation Drive sprocket is actuated by blowback air pressure from the valve, then returned by a spring.
Dye Rotor loader Animation link A planetary gear set is used to increase torque on the drive sprocket
RAP4 M68 grenade launcher Animation Push-button dump valve.
Floating poppet regulator Animation
Moving base regulator Animation Animation of a low-pressure regulator from a DLX Luxe marker.
Autococker "3-way" directional valve Animation (non-sealed) These two-position valves are actuated mechanically in order to control airflow through one of the two possible output ports.
Animation (sealed)
Parker solenoid Animation fast This "piloted" indirect solenoid valve consists of a 4-way directional valve (spool) which is actuated by a miniature 2-way air pilot controlled by the electromagnet. Other piloted solenoids work in similar ways.
Animation slow
Shoebox compressor/intensifier Animation fast This is a pressure intensifier that boosts "shop air" input pressure (90-100 psi) up to HPA tank levels. The red release spring is the feedback mechanism; as the pressure increases, mechanical leverage causes it to eventually push against the on/off switch when tank pressure is achieved.
Animation medium
Animation slow
Freedom8 compressor/intensifier Animation fast The Freedom8 Shoebox is an upgraded version of the classic design. Notably, it uses an adjustable pressure limit switch instead of the preset mechanical shutoff.
Animation medium
Animation slow
4C eye system 4C off animation The 4C eyes monitor the ball dropping motion and allows the marker to initiate firing before the next ball is fully seated.
4C on animation
Chop animation Animation fast Demonstration of different types of paintball breaks in a marker. This was meant to highlight the difference between a ball being chopped and a ball breaking in the barrel.
Animation slow

Updates: (reverse-chronological, newest-first)
2014.Sep.1 - Updated the animation for the Lurker Paragon, added a diagrams for the unreleased Mayhem pistol, and added an animation for an AEG airsoft gun that represents the unreleased E-volt marker.
2014.May.22 - Updated animations for both classic Shoebox and Freedom8 compressors (updated graphics and internal details). Also repaired a couple dead links to outside pages that weren't loading. All videos and youtube links now read as "animation link" which opens in a new window.
2014.May.18 - Added animations for the Freedom8 Shoebox compressor/intensifier.
2014.Apr.24 - Added an animation for an Ion with Orange NanoExtreme bolt, and a diagram for the Shocker SFT Marmalade bolt concept. Also fixed the link to the Shocker Freeflow bolt diagram. Revised the terminology descriptions at the top of the page.
2014.Mar.26 - Added animations for the following: ICD Freestyle FS8, DLX moving base type regulator, and TAS Zealot.
2014.Mar.7 - Added information for the Icebreaker concept and Lurker Paragon. Also, retro-actively added the updates section that you are currently reading.
2014.Feb.11 - Links to outside webpages have been fixed (the popup images interfered with them). Added the terminology section at the top of the page. Added listings for the following: paintball chopping animation, DRV pistol, airbow-gun, Empire DFender, Thorpydo Plunger, and J4 Torque.
2014.Jan.6 - Get out from under your rock, the new and updated mass classification page is now online! The old animation listing pages have been removed and replaced with this single giant chart. The amount of content on this page tripled in size and now includes concept markers, prototypes, and listings for virtually every prominent marker design ever produced.