Welcome to the new marker animations listing. I tried for years to form an easy method to classify marker internals, but this is a very difficult task. There are so many overlapping designs floating around that it's virtually impossible to create a single categorization system and make everything perfect. To solve this problem, I've now created the giant listing below. An animation or diagram of each system is provided for visual purposes, then markers are described by the these varibales:
1. How the bolt is controlled (balanced 4way, unbalanced, mechanical pump)
2. How the bolt is reset after firing (balanced 4way, blowback, spring return)
3. Type of firing valve (spool valve bolt, or a force-controlled poppet [FCP] that happens before or after bolt movement)
4. Type of air inlet restriction, if applicable (spool valve inlet, force-controlled poppet [FCP], or air constriction)
5. Sequence of firing movements, if applicable.
· Hammer/valve: Markers of this type use percussive force of their movement to open a spring-loaded firing valve.
· Spool valve: These markers have their firing valve and bolt combined into one physical component. Sometimes the air inlet valve is also combined into the same component.
· FCP valve: acronym for Force-Controlled Poppet; this small valve is actuated by means of air pressure or other force applied to/from it. Generally the FCP poppet action occurs before or after the bolt movement, so it's described as sequential with a description of the order.
· Blowforward: An unbalanced bolt that is blown forward to fire by expanding air pressure behind it. All blowforwards ultimately release their pressure by way of spool valve action.
· Heldforward: A marker that has its bolt in the forward position while idle (thus firing in a closed-bolt manner). This could be controlled pneumatically with a dump valve or solenoid, or mechanically as with a pump marker.
· FASOR: acronym for Forward-Air [then] Spring Operated Return; generally open bolt markers that use a single output valve to fire, then a spring to recock.
· Slave valve: a special FCP poppet which is controlled alongside yet independant of the firing action. In other words, the solenoid controls the FCP and bolt using the same air pressure.
· Inlet constriction: air inlet to the marker's dump chamber isn't completely sealed during firing, rather it's merely constricted down to restrict airflow. Contrast to an FCP shutoff valve which completely seals off inlet during firing. There are reasons behind either design type.
· Bladder reservoir: valves of this type have an internal dump chamber that changes in volume, unlike all other markers which operate with a fixed volume. These dump chambers enlarge when filled with air pressure, then constrict down to smaller volume when firing.
· An asterisk (*) denotes a marker that defies classification. In this situation I chose the closest description that satisfied the operation and made the marker fit in the chart alongside similar designs. For instance, many markers have a "very slight bias to make them unbalanced" but for the purposes of this page I decide to call them balanced "for all intents and purposes".
Rare Designs: This page lists virtually every marker design available, even many that were never actually produced. These designs are denoted by the term concept. It doens't matter if it's just a crayon drawing on a napkin; I will post anything so long as it can theoretically function.
Submissions: If you have any additional animations for a marker not listed here, point them out to me and I will gladly host them!
Pop-up problems? The animation has to FULLY LOAD before the pop-up window will appear. Some animations are large in size (2-3 MB) so they might take a few seconds to load. If you get tired of waiting, open the link in a new tab instead.
|Marker:||Firing assembly:||Animation:||Bolt actuation movement:||Firing valve:||Air inlet shutoff:||Sequential firing action:|
|Kingman Spyder||Animation||Unbalanced against sear||blowback bolt return||Hammer spring-firing valve||inlet constriction|
|Sheridan||Animation||Mechanical pump (heldforward)||Hammer spring-firing valve||inlet constriction|
|WDP/APS Angel||Animation||Balanced bolt/piston air actuation forward/rearward||Hammer air electropneumatic valve||inlet constriction|
|Bob Long Intimidator||Animation|
|Bob Long G6R||Cutaway|
|SP 09 Impulse / JT Impulse||Diagram|
|Bob Long Marq/Onyx/Victory||Animation|
|Vanguard Creed ARV||Diagram|
|SP Nerve||Animation fast|
|Air Challenger "265" concept|
|TAS Cobalt/Ruby concept||?|
|Axon concept||Animation fast|
|DP Fusion||Animation fast||Unbalanced air actuation forward - FASOR||FASOR spring return||Hammer FASOR valve||inlet constriction|
|WGP Autococker / AP Sovereign||Animation||Balanced isolated bolt actuation (heldforward)||Hammer spring-firing valve||inlet constriction|
|WGP E-Blade Autococker|
|Evil Omen||Animation||Unbalanced heldforward||Spring bolt return||inlet constriction||Firing hammer controls bolt|
|ATS-AT||Animation||Unbalanced heldforward||Spring bolt return||inlet constriction||Sequential - bolt controls firing valve|
|BE Rainmaker||Animation||Balanced bolt/piston actuation forward/rearward||inlet constriction||Sequential - bolt controls firing valve|
|Tippmann SMG60/SMG68||Animation||n/a||inlet constriction|
|AKALMP Excalibur||Animation fast||Balanced isolated bolt actuation (heldforward)||Hammer air electropneumatic valve||inlet constriction||Dual-independant solenoids (firing first, then recocking)|
|Sandridge Firestorm Autococker||Animation||Balanced isolated bolt actuation (heldforward)||Hammer FASOR valve||Sequential FCP||Dual-independant solenoids (firing first, then recocking)|
|SP Shocker SFT/NXT||HE/NDZv3/EvolveULP bolt||Animation fast||balanced bolt actuation forward-rearward||spool valve bolt - balanced||spool valve bolt|
|Evolve v1/v2 bolt||Animation fast|
|Luxe 2.0 bolt||Animation|
|Air Challenger "264" concept||Animation fast|
|"Omega-II" concept||Animation fast|
|SP Shocker SFT||stock non-HE bolt||Animation fast||inlet constriction|
|Freeflow bolt||Diagram||Bladder reservoir*|
|Maelstrom-Ma concept||Animation fast||inlet constriction|
|MacDev Droid||Animation||Sequential FCP||Bolt controls poppet|
|TAS Zealot concept||?||Slave FCP valve||Solenoid controls both inlet and bolt|
|Gen-E DM3 / Dye Matrix||Animation fast||spool valve bolt|
|Dye DM/Proto||Fuse bolt||Animation fast|
|Bob Long VCOM spool||?|
|Dye Matrix - slambolt||Animation||unbalanced blowforward||Air sear bolt return*||spool valve bolt - blowforward||Sequential FCP with bladder reservoir||Bolt controls poppet|
|DP Threshold||Animation||unbalanced blowforward||Air sear bolt return||spool valve bolt - blowforward||inlet constriction|
|DP G3/G4/G5/iq||stock bolts||Animation|
|Eclipse Geo original||Animation link|
|SP Ion/XE/EOS/Epiphany /Vibe/SP8/SP1||stock bolts||Animation|
|Hostile Creations Rogue||Animation link|
|Proto Rail||Animation fast||unbalanced blowforward||Air sear bolt return||spool valve bolt - blowforward||spool valve bolt|
|SP Ion & Ion clone||dual tail o-ring bolt||Animation link|
|SP Ion & Ion clone||SP spring valve concept||Diagram||unbalanced blowforward||Air sear bolt return||spool valve bolt - blowforward||Sequential FCP||Bolt controls inlet valve|
|Eclipse Geo+||Animation link||unbalanced blowforward||Air sear bolt return||spool valve bolt - blowforward||Slave FCP valve||Solenoid controls both inlet and bolt|
|Eclipse Geo2/Geo3||Animation link||Bladder reservoir|
|Dye NT||Animation||unbalanced blowforward||Air sear bolt return||spool valve bolt - blowforward*||spool valve bolt||Firing valve controls bolt|
|Pixie concept||Animation fast||unbalanced blowforward||Air sear bolt return||spool valve bolt - blowforward||spool valve bolt||Firing valve controls bolt|
|Shadowmachine concept||Animation fast||unbalanced actuation forward (FASOR)||Air spring bolt return (FASOR)||spool valve bolt - FASOR*||spool valve bolt|
|Bob Long Insight NG||Animation link||Unbalanced blowforward*||Air sear bolt return||spool valve bolt||spool valve bolt|
|AGD Automag /Minimag/Exmag||E/X Mag with RT valve||Animation fast||Unbalanced blowforward||Spring bolt return||spool valve bolt - blowforward||Sequential FCP||Mechanically-linked bolt & inlet|
|Pneumag modification||Animation fast|
|ICD Desert Fox||Diagram link|
|Husher Impulse concept||Animation||99% balanced bolt actuation forward-rearward||spool valve bolt - balanced||spool valve bolt|
|Deadlywind Aedes (mQ)||Animation fast||Unbalanced blowforward||Spring bolt return||spool valve bolt - blowforward||inlet constriction||Firing poppet controls bolt|
|mQ-equipped electronic Autococker (E-Blade etc)||Animation||Balanced isolated bolt actuation (heldforward)||Sequential FCP (closed bolt)||inlet constriction||Dual-independant solenoids (firing first, then recocking)|
|SP Shocker Sport||Animation fast||Balanced isolated bolt actuation (heldforward)||Sequential FCP (closed bolt)||Sequential FCP||Firing valve controls inlet valve; dual-independent solenoids (firing first, then recocking)|
|PneuVentures Shocker||Diagram||Unbalanced actuation forward||Air spring bolt return|
|J4 Torque||Animation||Unbalanced actuation forward||Air sear bolt return*||spool valve bolt - FCP*||spool valve bolt*||Spool valve bolt with spring inlet valve; air sear is the dump chamber|
|AirStar Nova/SuperNova (articulating barrel)||Animation||Unbalanced heldforward||Spring bolt return||Sequential FCP (closed bolt)||Sequential FCP||Firing poppet controls bolt|
|Warmachine Assault-80||articulating barrel|
|ICE Epic||Animation||Unbalanced heldforward*||Spring trapdoor return||Sequential FCP (closed bolt)||Sequential FCP||Mechanically-linked firing valve & inlet|
|Legion Shocker concept||Animation fast||Unbalanced heldforward||Air spring bolt return||Sequential FCP (closed bolt)||Sequential FCP||Firing poppet controls bolt|
|SP Ion & Ion clone||y0da900 closed bolt mod||Animation link|
|Thorpydo Plunger concept||Animation|
|Gnucleus concept||Animation fast|
|Icebreaker T-shirt launcher concept||Animation||Single action (muzzle load)|
|Thumper-A concept||Animation fast||Unbalanced heldforward||Air spring bolt return||Sequential FCP (closed bolt)||spool valve bolt||Firing poppet controls bolt|
|Thumper-B concept||Animation fast|
|Warmachine Assault-80||stationary barrel||Animation fast||Unbalanced blowforward||Spring bolt return||Blowforward & Sequential FCP||Sequential FCP||Poppet controls bolt forward, then bolt controls poppet backward|
|Eclipse Etha||Animation||Unbalanced blowforward||Spring bolt return||spool valve bolt - blowforward||Sequential FCP||Inlet valve controls bolt|
|Tippmann X7 Phenom (Flexvalve)||Cutaway|
|Culex concept||Animation fast||Air spring bolt return|
|Lurker Paragon||Animation||Balanced bolt actuation forward-rearward*||spool valve bolt - blowforward||inlet constriction||Firing poppet controls bolt; solenoid fed using dump chamber air supply|
|Invert-Empire Mini/Axe||Animation fast||Unbalanced actuation forward||Spring bolt return||Sequential FCP||inlet constriction||Bolt controls firing poppet|
|XXXI King Cobra||Animation|
|SP mqev "spoppet" concept||Animation fast||Balanced bolt actuation forward-rearward||Sequential FCP||spool valve bolt||Bolt controls firing poppet|
|Tippmann C3||Animation||Mechanical pump (heldforward)||Propane combustion valve||Sequential FCP*||Inlet valve is momentarilly-actuated by pump handle|
|Airbow gun||Mechanical single action||Air compression valve||inlet constriction*|
|DRV||Diagram||Hammer spring-firing valve||inlet constriction|
|Tippmann Cyclone loader||Animation||Drive sprocket is actuated by blowback air pressure from the valve, then returned by a spring.|
|Dye Rotor loader||Animation video||A planetary gear set is used to increase torque on the drive sprocket|
|RAP4 M68 grenade launcher||Animation||Push-button dump valve.|
|Floating poppet regulator||Animation|
|Moving base regulator||?|
|Autococker "3-way" directional valve||Animation (non-sealed)||These two-position valves are actuated mechanically in order to control airflow through one of the two possible output ports.|
|Parker solenoid||Animation fast||This "piloted" indirect solenoid valve consists of a 4-way directional valve (spool) which is actuated by a miniature 2-way air pilot controlled by the electromagnet. Other piloted solenoids work in similar ways.|
|Shoebox compressor/intensifier||Animation fast||This is a pressure intensifier that boosts low pressure input air (90-100 psi) up to tank pressure. The feedback mechanism is the red release spring which will eventually push against the on/off switch when the target pressure has been achieved.|
|4C eye system||4C off animation||The 4C eyes monitor the ball dropping motion and allows the marker to initiate firing before the next ball is fully seated.|
|4C on animation|
|Chop animation||Animation fast||Demonstration of different types of paintball breaks in a marker. This was meant to highlight the difference between a ball being chopped and a ball breaking in the barrel.|
Updates: (reverse-chronological, newest-first)
2014.Mar.7 - Added information for the Icebreaker concept and Lurker Paragon. Also, retro-actively added the updates section that you are currently reading.
2014.Feb.11 - Links to outside webpages have been fixed (the popup image interfered with them). Added the terminology section at the top of the page. Added the paintball chopping animation, DRV pistol, airbow-gun, Empire DFender, Thorpydo Plunger, and J4 Torque.
2014.Jan.6 - Get out from under your rock, the new and updated mass classification page is now available! The old animation listing pages have been removed and replaced with this single giant chart. The amount of content on this page tripled in size and now includes concept markers, prototypes, and listings for virtually every prominent marker design ever produced.